The Independent Investigations Office (IIO) is investigating the death of a man in Chilliwack after he was shot by a taser by RCMP on the afternoon of Saturday, February 24, 2018. According to the IIO the RCMP were responding to reports of a parental abduction. According to the IIO, RCMP say that a stun gun was deployed during an “interaction” with the man who then went into “medical distress.” The IIO says emergency medical services were called to the scene, but the man did not survive. No further details have been provided and there has been no independent confirmation publicly of RCMP claims.
Category Archives: RCMP
Death of Dale Culver, of Wet’suwet’en and Gitxsan First Nations: Formal Complaint Raises Questions About Racism, Intimidation of Witnesses in RCMP Arrest
The British Columbia C Civil Liberties Association (BCCLA) has raised questions of “racial bias” and excessive force by RCMP officers in the arrest of Dale Culver (35) of the Wet’suwet’en and Gitxsan First Nations who died in custody following the arrest in July 2017. In an official complaint filed January 16, 2018, to the Civilian Review and Complaints Commission for the RCMP, the BCCLA also claims that the RCMP in Prince George, BC, told witnesses to delete video footage of the Culver arrest. According to police reports, Culver complained of shortness of breath after arrest and was taken to hospital, where he was pronounced dead.
Culver’s cousin, Debbie Pierre, said she was not informed of his death until 24 hours later. She then found video footage of the arrest posted on social media. In her words: “It was horrific” (quoted in Kurjata and McKinnon 2018). The family had questions about Culver’s death and contacted the BCCLA to get some answers.
Police reports suggest the RCMP responded to a call about a man allegedly “casing vehicles.” This claim has not been independently confirmed nor has it been explained what that assumption was based on by caller or police. Police struggled with Culver physically.
It is reported that pepper spray used in Culver’s arrest. When he was put in the back of a police vehicle he appeared to have difficulty breathing. An ambulance was called and Culver collapsed when taken out of the police car. He was pronounced dead in hospital a bit after midnight on July 19, 2017.
According to executive director Josh Paterson, BCCLA has spoken with “a number of people, including eyewitnesses” who allege RCMP instructed people to delete video footage of the arrest (Kurjata and McKinnon 2018). The association questions whether “explicit or implicit racial bias” played a role in the encounter and arrest. BCCLA says it has been told there were “several hours” between the initial call to police and the arrival of RCMP on the scene (Kurjata and McKinnon 2018). This raises obvious questions about Culver was approached and, specifically, whether it was because he was Indigenous.
In the words of the BCCLA complaint:
“We question on what information or basis the member or members of the RCMP began their interaction or questioning of Mr. Culver, and/or a request to identify himself, in the first place.” (quoted in Kurjata and McKinnon 2018)
Debbie Pierre is left with the same question. In her words: “Was Dale targeted because of Dale or was he targeted because of his being Indigenous” (quoted in Kurjata and McKinnon 2018).
The Independent Investigations Office of BC (IIO) is also investigating, as it does in cases of police harm to civilians in the province. IIO chief civilian director Ron MacDonald says the IIO was independently aware of allegations of witnesses being told to delete video footage. He also said the IIO was aware of questions regardding police use of force and the timing of Culver’s arrest.
Culver had three children, the eldest of whom is now 14.
Kurjata, Andrew and Audrey McKinnon. 2018. “BC Civil Liberties Association Files Complaint Alleging RCMP Told Witnesses to Delete Video of Arrest” CBC News January 16. http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/british-columbia/civil-liberties-iio-pg-rcmp-1.4489925
A man runs into woods pursued by RCMP officers. They later come out. He does not. A month later his body is found submerged in a creek. Police were left to tell the story of what happened in those woods in 2015 near Red Deer, Alberta. On January 10, 2018, the Alberta Serious Incident Response Team (ASIRT), the agency that examines cases of police harm to civilians in Alberta, cleared the RCMP of wrongdoing in this case.
Darryll Daniels (45) was found dead in Waskasoo Creek on November 11, 2015. He was last seen during the police chase on October 6.
His mother has many questions about what actually happened to her son. In her words: “I miss him, I really, really miss him. It’s quite emotional. You wait for years for answers and in your heart you know he couldn’t have drowned. I know Darryll could have swam that creek without drowning” (quoted in Crawford 2018).
Crawford, Murray. 2018. “Questions Remain About Red Deer Man’s Death as Police Watchdog Closes Investigation.” Red Deer Advocate. January 10. https://www.reddeeradvocate.com/news/questions-remain-about-red-deer-mans-death-as-police-watchdog-closes-investigation/
RCMP Constable Elizabeth Cucheran has been charged with aggravated assault and assault with a weapon in the killing of Hudson Brooks on July 18, 2015 in Surrey, British Columbia, a rare case of a killer cop being charged in Canada. On January 9, 2018, Constable Cucheran pleaded not guilty to both charges. The officer’s lawyer Andrea Kastanis entered the not guilty pleas on Cucheran’s behalf as Cucheran did not attend provincial court in Surrey, Interestingly, Kastanis also informed the court that Cucheran has elected to be tried by judge and jury rather than judge alone. The next step court dates will involve a preliminary inquiry now scheduled take place over eight days in November and December of 2018.
No members of the Brooks family attended court on January 9, saying they will wait for the trial to start. The family has organized a number of events and started a campaign calling for Justice for Hudson since their loved one was shot and killed outside an RCMP detachment in South Surrey in 2015. They had a very long wait with little information about the killing of Hudson Brooks. Cucheran was only charged at the end of 2017, nearly two and a half years after Brooks died.
The RCMP has placed Cucheran on administrative duties. The force had initially suggested publicly that Brooks had a weapon as an officer was shot during the killing. It turns out that only police service weapons were present at the scene and that would was inflicted by the RCMP themselves.
The Independent Investigations Office (IIO), the body that investigates cases of police harm to civilians in British Columbia, has issued its report on the June 14, 2016 police shooting of 49-year-old Craig Andrew Ford and, as per usual exonerates the RCMP officer responsible. The IIO reports that three officers responded to a call of a man walking outside a restaurant carrying a knife in the city’s Norwell Drive area. Notably, the IIO reports that the caller said the man did not appear to be threatening anyone.
The report says one officer first encountered Ford on Country Club Drive, behind St. Andrew’s Presbyterian Church and he was allegedly “walking purposefully” (though it is not explained what this meant exactly A second officer then arrived in a car. As Ford began walking towards the vehicle the officer shot Ford twice. There is nothing in the report to suggest how an officer inside a police vehicle was under any threat from a man allegedly holding a knife and nothing more. There is some hint in the report that police were attempting to imply the bogus and discredited “suicide by cop” excuse.
Of note, the IIO came to its conclusion despite that fact that the officer who shot Ford declined to provide a statement or his notes. One can ask how any “investigation” has any veracity or legitimacy when it is not mandatory for Mounties under investigation to provide information, not even their notes, or to be questioned. Such is the dubious and limited nature of so-called investigations of police who kill in Canada.
Yet in spite of this the IIO felt confident in declaring: “(The officer) had to act quickly to protect himself, and had little time to weigh his options. It was reasonable for him to shoot in defense.” Again, it is not clear how shooting someone armed with no more than a knife, who is several feet from the officer who is safely inside a police vehicle can be constituted as an act of defense. It is as if the IIO is writing the officer’s own exoneration note.
There is no formal, systematic process for documenting and recording the deaths of civilians through encounters with police in Canada. There is no systematic reporting publicly of civilian deaths through police encounters. A baseline or minimum number of people who died through police encounters can be arrived at by review of oversight agency reports, coroners inquest reports, and close following of media articles. Here is some of the very limited information of what we know about 65 reported deaths. Much more needs to be known and should be made public.
- Amleset Haile. Female. 60. January 2. Toronto, Ontario. Toronto Police Service. Self-inflicted. (Black woman).
- Jimmy Cloutier. Male. 38. January 6. Montreal, Quebec. Montreal Police. Shot.
- Ralph Stevens. Male. 27. January 7. Stoney Nakoda First Nation, Alberta. RCMP. Shot. (Indigenous man).
- Nadia Racine. Female. 34. January 25. Gatineau, Quebec. Gatineau Police. In-custody.
- Male. 20. February 11. Goodfare, Alberta. RCMP. In-custody.
- Male. No Age Given. February 12. Winnipeg, Manitoba. Winnipeg Police Service. In-custody.
- Moses Amik Beaver. Male. 56. February 13. Thunder Bay, Ontario. Thunder Bay Police. In-custody. (Indigenous Man).
- Female. 20. March 6. Burlington, Ontario. Halton Regional Police Service.
- Male. 28. March 6. Montreal, Quebec. Montreal Police. Heart attack.
- Vitaly Savin. Male. 55. March 9. Edmonton, Alberta. Edmonton Police Service. Shot.
- Male. 20. March 18. Pond Inlet. Nunavut. RCMP. Shot.
- Male. March 24. 61. Chateauguay, Quebec. Sûreté du Québec.
- Male. 40. April 1. Kelowna, British Columbia. RCMP. In-custody.
- Male. 24. April 28. Puvirnituq, Quebec. Kativik Regional Police Force. In-custody.
- Male. 39. May 2. Hall Beach. Nunavut. RCMP. Shot.
- Male. 32. May 13. Fort McMurray, Alberta. RCMP. In-custody.
- Male. 41. May 15. Beauceville, Quebec. Sûreté du Québec. Shot.
- Male. 26. May 22. Cambridge, Ontario.
- Female. No Age Given. May 27. Oak Bay, British Columbia. Victoria Police.
- Male. 43. June 3. Smith Falls, Ontario. Ontario Provincial Police. Self-inflicted.
- Male. 31. June 3. Ottawa, Ontario. Ottawa Police Service. Shot.
- Male. No Age Given. June 18. Port Coquitlam, British Columbia. RCMP. Shot
- Austin Eaglechief. Male. 22. June 19. Saskatoon, Saskatchewan. Saskatoon Police. Shot.
- Pierre Coriolan. Male. 58. June 27. Montreal, Quebec. Montreal Police. Shot. (Black man).
- Male. No Age Given. July 3. Edmonton, Alberta. Edmonton Police Service. Vehicle chase.
- Male. No Age Given. July 5. Blaine Lake, Saskatchewan. RCMP. Self-inflicted.
- Male. No Age Given. July 9. Quebec City, Quebec. Quebec City Police. Shot.
- Dale Culvner. Male. 35. July 18. Prince George, British Columbia. RCMP. In-custody.
- Marlon “Roland” Jerry McKay. Male. 50. July 19. Thunder Bay, Ontario. Thunder Bay Police. In-custody. (Indigenous man).
- Shawn Davis. Male. 52. July 26. Chatham, Ontario. Chatham Police. “Sudden Death.”
- Male. 66. July 30. Pointe-Calumet, Quebec. Vehicle chase.
- Male. 25. August 10. Saint-Georges-de-Beauce, Quebec. Sûreté du Québec. Shot.
- Female. 55. August 7. Edmonton, Alberta. Edmonton Police Service. In-custody.
- Male. 23. August 20. La Sarre, Quebec. Sûreté du Québec. Shot.
- Male. No Age Given. August 13. Winnipeg, Manitoba. In-custody.
- Ozama Shaw. Male. 15. July 27. Mississauga, Ontario. Peel Region Police. Shot. (Black youth).
- Male. 48. September 4. Sudbury, Ontario. Sudbury Police. In-custody.
- Female. 26. September 4. Windsor, Ontario. Windsor Police Service. In-custody.
- Unnamed Male. 26. September 6. Whitefish Lake First Nation, Alberta. RCMP. Shot.
- Female. 46. September 9. Indian Head, Saskatchewan. RCMP. In-custody.
- Male. 29. September 9. Edmonton, Alberta. Edmonton Police Service. Shot.
- Adrian Lacquette. 23. September 13. Winnipeg, Manitoba. Winnipeg Police Service. Shot.
- Male. 34. September 15. Windsor, Ontario. Windsor Police Service. In-custody.
- Male. 33. September 23. Winnipeg, Manitoba. Winnipeg Police Service. Shot.
- Sheila Walsh. Female. 65. September 25. Arnprior, Ontario. Ontario Provincial Police. Vehicle chase.
- Female. No Age Given. October 2. Quesnel, British Columbia. RCMP. In-custody.
- Nathan Wehlre. Male. 15. October 6. Highway 6, Ontario. Waterloo Regional Police. Vehicle chase.
- Taryn Hewitt. Female. 16. October 6. Highway 6, Ontario. Waterloo Regional Police. Vehicle chase.
- Cody Severight. Male. 23. October 10. Winnipeg, Manitoba. Winnipeg Police Service. Hit and run, officer DUI.
- Male. 35. October 12. Qualicum Beach, British Columbia. RCMP. Shot.
- Cavin Poucette. Male. 26. October 19. Gleichen, Alberta. RCMP. Shot. (Indigenous man).
- Brydon Bryce Whitstone. Male. 22. October 22. North Battleford, Saskatchewan. (Indigenous man).
- Tom Ryan. Male. 70. October 27. Cobourg, Ontario. Cobourg Police Service. Shot.
- Male. 44. October 31. Brampton, Ontario. Peel Regional Police. During arrest.
- Male. 23. November 8. Montreal, Quebec. Montreal Police. In-custody.
- Bill Saunders. Male. 18. November 15. Lake Manitoba First Nation, Manitoba. Shot.
- Male. 57. November 26. Toronto, Ontario. Toronto Police Service. In-custody.
- David Tshitoya Kalubi. Male. 23. November 24. Montreal, Quebec. Montreal Police. In-custody. (Black youth).
- Male. 52. December 6. Douglas, Ontario. Ontario Provincial Police. Shot.
- Male. 25. December 13. Maple, Ontario. Toronto Police Service. Shot.
- Babak Saidi. Male. 43. December 23. Morrisburg, Ontario. Ontario Provincial Police. Shot.
- Male. December 24. Edmonton, Alberta. Edmonton Police Service. In-custody.
- Male. 22. December 28. Umiujaq, Quebec. Shot.
- Male. 36. December 28. Danford Lake, Quebec. Sûreté du Québec. Shot
- Male. No Age Given. December 30. Mississauga, Ontario. Peel Regional Police. Shot.
A database of deaths involving BC law enforcement shows an increase in police-involved deaths of civilians in the province in 2016, the third year in a row such an increase has been recorded. The database is maintained by The Georgia Straight newsmagazine, and journalist Travis Lupick, and uses information from the BC Coroners Service and the Independent Investigations Office of BC (IIO), the agency that examines cases of police harm to civilians in the province. The records account for people dying during interactions with police and in law enforcement agency custody. Numbers for 2017 are still being compiled and assessed.
Over the period of 2009 to 2013, reported police involved deaths were at 13 or 14 each year. In 2014, the number of recorded deaths rose to 16. There were 17 recorded in 2015 and 18 in 2016. The eighteen recorded deaths in 2016 represents the highest number recorded for a single year in the database, which traces back to 2003. In 2007 there were 17 deaths reported, the second highest number.
The database records show that the increase has been driven by the RCMP, which polices 150 municipalities across the province as well as serving as a provincial and a federal force. While many of those are jurisdictions are small towns, and several notable killings by police have occurred in small towns and in the north, the RCMP is also responsible for larger cities, including Metro Vancouver centers of Burnaby, Richmond, and Surrey. In 2012, four people died during interactions with RCMP officers, while the number rose to seven in 2013, six in 2014, 12 in 2015, then 12 again in 2016.
In terms of shootings, since 2006, there have been an average of 3.8 recorded fatal shootings by police each year. Total numbers for the database include deaths in BC prisons (omitting natural causes). Deaths in prisons continue to constitute a relative minority in the reported cases. The database suggests that many of the cases of reported police-involved deaths involve issues of mental health and/or substance use. Issues like race, and racism, and impacts of colonialism are not systematically documented.
There are no official recording and communicating procedures for documenting police-involved killings in British Columbia, nor are there in other Canadian provinces. This leads the public to believe police killings of civilians in Canada occur less frequently than they actually do. We have heard people express on numerous occasions the belief that police killings of civilians in Canada in single digit numbers each year—for the country as a whole. The reported numbers obviously do not include any killings of civilians by police that police do not report.
The database can be accessed at: https://docs.google.com/spreadsheets/d/1aLNSF4Hkk9XdVKeuVU6ZrRO6GtSxT4t8TiMiQ6ptLrY/edit#gid=0